Tobacco firm puffs over plain packaging

British American Tobacco SA (Batsa) is concerned the Department of Health’s proposals for plain packaging would boost the illicit trade in tobacco that, at about 24% of SA’s cigarette market, is twice the global average, and could further reduce the tax take from tobacco.
Tobacco firm puffs over plain packaging
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Batsa CEO Soraya Zoueihid said the company expected similar adverse consequences as in countries such as Australia, where the incidence of illicit tobacco had increased by 30% since the introduction of plain packaging.

The legislation, which has yet to be tabled in Parliament, would ban branding on cigarette packets and could boost the consumption of cheaper cigarettes, which are often illicitly manufactured in SA with no excise tax or value added tax paid.

A Batsa study has found its operations contribute R14.5bn to the fiscus annually in taxes and excise duties, accounting for 1.46% of total government revenue and 27% of excise tax. The government could collect R5bn more if tax were paid on all the cigarettes sold in SA, it says.

Batsa, which has 80% of SA’s legal cigarette market, said recently it was shutting its anti-illicit tobacco operations and had launched an inquiry into allegations of bribery and illegal activity relating to law-enforcement agencies, including the South African Revenue Services’ (SARS’) so-called rogue unit.

Although the Hawks confirmed they were still investigating the SARS rogue unit, Zoueihid said the Hawks had not asked Batsa for help.

She said it was too early to tell whether the suspension of the group’s anti-illicit tobacco activities had had any effect on the cigarette market.

Batsa has been under pressure from its parent BAT and from regulators because it produces cigarettes in SA at much greater cost than elsewhere (Middle East, emerging Europe and Africa). The leaf produced in SA, of which Batsa buys 90%, is about 20% more expensive.

However, Zoueihid said the company remained committed to SA, where it employed 2,200 people directly and 72,000 indirectly, and accounted for 0.5% of GDP. It supports 100 emerging tobacco farmers and 6,000 farming jobs.

Rival manufacturer Carnilinx said recently it had laid charges against Batsa, although Batsa’s head of external affairs, Joe Heshu, said the company had not heard anything about it.

BAT recently launched a $47bn bid for Reynolds Tobacco, which Reynolds has rebuffed, but Zoueihid said talks continued. Reynolds was a great fit, and would give BAT a leading position in the US market and was strong in “new-generation” products, Zoueihid said.

What your dietitian wants you to know about diabetes

There were 2.28 million cases of diabetes in South Africa in 2015 according to the International Diabetes Foundation and around 1.21 million people with undiagnosed diabetes. Considering these numbers it remains vitally important to continue educating South Africans about diabetes and to address the myths that are often associated with this lifestyle disease.
What your dietitian wants you to know about diabetes

Nasreen Jaffer, Registered Dietitian and ADSA (Association for Dietetics in South Africa) spokesperson, has a special interest in diabetes. She debunks some of the myths surrounding diabetes and nutrition:

People with diabetes have to follow a special diet or have to eat special diabetic foods.

People with diabetes do not have to follow a ‘special’ diet. People with diabetes need to make the same healthy eating choices as everyone else. Healthy eating choices include vegetables and fruit, whole grains, fish, lean meats and poultry, dairy products, seeds, nuts, legumes and plant oils. Everyone needs to limit fatty red meats, processed meats, salt and foods high in salt, and foods and beverages with added sugar.

Are there any foods that should be avoided completely?

The answer, is ‘no’. Moderation is key, the minute you’ve banned a certain food entirely, you’re likely to start craving it intensely. Your health and weight are more affected by what you do daily than what you eat once or twice a week, so if you’re in the mood for a piece of cake once in a while, buy a small one and share. If you deprive yourself of something you’re craving, it’s just a matter of time until you binge on it and sabotage your motivation. However, crisps, chocolates, and sweets are high in saturated and trans fat, while sugar-sweetened beverages like soft drinks, iced tea and energy drinks contain a large amount of sugar, so these have to be limited.

If I am diabetic, my diet is going to be more expensive.

It is not necessary to buy expensive foods marketed to diabetics. Healthy eating can be economical, and is often cheaper than buying unhealthy treats. Buying seasonal fresh fruit and vegetables is cheaper than buying fruit juices and sugar-sweetened beverages. If you replace sweets, chocolates, crisps, puddings and cakes with fruits, yoghurt and salads as your snacks and desserts, you’ll find you will save money. Legumes, such as lentils and beans, are cheaper alternatives to red meat, while providing numerous health benefits.

Eating too much sugar causes diabetes.

Too much sugar does not necessarily cause diabetes, but because foods and drinks with added sugar are often energy-dense (high in kilojoules), consuming too much of these on a regular basis can lead to weight gain. This can put us at risk for type 2 diabetes.

Sugar-sweetened beverages seem to have the strongest link to type 2 diabetes. ‘Sugar’ doesn’t only refer to the sugar added to tea and coffee, but also includes sugar and sweetened products added when cooking and at the table. Look out for hidden sugars in pre-prepared and processed foods, like some breakfast cereals, sweetened drinks, dairy products, sauces and sweet treats. People with diabetes should limit or avoid adding sugar as it can have a negative effect on blood sugar levels.

People with diabetes cannot eat carbohydrates.

No, this is not true. While all foods that contain carbohydrates will affect your blood sugar levels, people with diabetes can still eat carbohydrate foods. There are healthy types of carbohydrates that you do want to include in your eating plan, and the type or quality of carbohydrate foods is important.

Therefore, for optimal blood glucose control it is important to control the quantity, and distribute carbohydrate foods equally throughout the day. For example, choose wholegrain or high-fibre carbohydrate foods as they don’t increase blood sugar as quickly as refined grains, and make sure that each meal is balanced, containing not only carbohydrate foods, but also protein or dairy, non-starchy vegetables or healthy fats.

People with diabetes should restrict their fruit intake.

Because fruit contains natural sugars, too much fruit can contribute to an increase in blood glucose levels. However, eating fruit also adds fibre, and essential vitamins and minerals to the diet, so while people with diabetes should not eat excessive amounts of fruit, fruit should not be completely eliminated. Portion control is important, and people with diabetes should choose whole fruit rather than fruit juice. It is recommended that you consult your dietitian to calculate the amount of fruit that you should include in your daily diet.

If one of my parents has diabetes, there is nothing I can do about it – I will develop diabetes eventually.

If you have a genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes, you have all the reason you need to embrace a healthy lifestyle. While genetics may contribute 30-40% to the development of any condition, including diabetes, environmental and lifestyle factors may have a 60-70% impact. If you maintain a healthy body weight, stick to a healthy eating plan, avoid tobacco use and keep physically active regularly, you have a very good chance of not developing diabetes.

If I have diabetes, I can’t exercise.

On the contrary, diabetes is a compelling reason to exercise regularly. The reason for this is that physical activity plays a very important role in lowering blood glucose levels. Exercise also predisposes your body cells to being more sensitive to insulin, and of course, it helps to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity activity a week, such as brisk walking, while doing some resistance or strength exercises at least twice a week. If you use insulin it is important to check your blood glucose levels before and after physical activity. If you get results below 6 mmol/l it is recommended that you lower your insulin dose or eat a healthy snack to prevent a hypoglycemic attack during or after exercise.

Early diagnosis of diabetes is vitally important. This year the theme of World Diabetes Day (14 November) is “Eyes on Diabetes”, focusing on the screening for type 2 diabetes to ensure early diagnosis and treatment, which can in turn reduce the risk of serious complications. The sooner that elevated blood glucose levels can be treated and returned to normal, the better. If you are diagnosed with either pre-diabetes or diabetes, you need to start moving towards a healthier lifestyle that focuses on regular physical activity, good nutrition and weight loss if you are overweight or obese.

Everyone over the age of 45 years should be screened for diabetes every two to three years, or earlier if you are overweight and have other risk factors for diabetes (such as a family history, high blood pressure or previous diabetes during pregnancy). If you haven’t yet been screened, visit a healthcare professional to find out if you are at risk.

What Is Email Marketing?

You’ve heard all the buzzwords about email marketing before. It’s cheap and it’s simple to use. It’s measurable and personal. But at its core, what is email marketing?

By definition, email marketing is a form of direct marketing a commercial message to a group of people, using email. Broadly, yes this can include every email sent to a potential or current customer, but for our purposes, email marketing is the bulk distribution of commercial emails to an existing customer base.

For some email marketers, the “commercial” part is what might be considered a stumbling block. See, these bulk email campaigns don’t necessarily have to be about sales. Any mass communication can be considered email marketing if it helps with brand recognition, or building your customer’s loyalty and trust. So, an email marketing campaign could include anything from advertisements and requests for business, to news and information, even solicitations for donations.

Yes, email marketing has been proven to have a higher return on investment than any other traditional marketing avenue (like print ads, flyers, television ads etc.), but sales doesn’t have to be your end goal. It’s more like a happy side-effect.

By using email marketing to send regular, personalised emails to your customers, you get to stay in touch with them. You’ll learn more about them, and they’ll learn more about you. Email marketing offers an incredible platform for communication with your customers, and builds loyalty like no other platform can. You’ll not only be constantly top of mind, but you’ll also prove that you’re open to communication. Opening that channel up leads to conversations, which leads to conversions.

Unlike other forms of digital marketing, email marketing is the one marketing platform that proactively seeks out to get your message to your customers when you want it. You don’t have to rely on them coming to your website, you don’t have to rely on them missing an important ad in the busyness of their Facebook feeds, you put your message straight into their hands.

At the end of the day, email marketing might have a simple definition, but it encompasses so much more. It’s a communication tool, a learning experience, a marketing platform and a relationship builder, all rolled into one.

Some Interesting Information Regarding Crossbows

Perhaps one of the weapons that instantly come to mind when a person discusses the Middle Ages is the crossbow. The past and technology of crossbows are as exciting as the legends and also historical accounts that feature this medieval weapon. Here are several useful facts about the weapon:

They’ve been with us since the fifth century B.C.

There is a general misunderstanding that the crossbow was invented during the Middle Ages. In fact, this specific weapon has been around since the fifth century B.C. in Western Europe. The Ancient Greek’s type on the crossbow was the gastraphetes and the “belly shooter”.

They’re simpler to use than long bows

Fundamentally, a crossbow refers to a bow which is attached to top of a wooden block. The block has a system which helps keep the bowstring in position and enables easier release. The special form of the crossbow made it easier to use compared to normal bows. Numerous European armies in the 12th and also 13th centuries switched to using them because of this benefit. Furthermore, it took decades for archers to learn the way to handle ordinary bows whereas proficiency with a crossbow can be learned in just a few weeks. However, the new style and design did not suggest that the crossbow was greater than longbows. In reality, in the Battle of Crecy in the fourteenth century, English archers outshot the Genoese crossbowmen of the French.

They stirred dispute with the Roman Catholic Church and professional warriors

Crossbows had been known as very fatal weapons to the position where the Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages tried to ban the use of these weapons against Christians. Knights as well as many other specialist warriors also looked down on them since even a crossbowman having just a few weeks’ training and a cheap weapon might quickly destroy an experienced and also expensively-outfitted soldier.

They are often grouped into three forms

Crossbows have changed from basic weapons to more complicated gadgets perfect for piercing through plate armor. They are available in a wide variety of size and shapes but they could be categorized into 3 common styles. The 1st kind involves lighter variants of the weapon and also the ones that are easiest to handle as they might be loaded manually. This kind is quite similar to the Ancient Greek’s “belly shooters.” The second crossbow type is weightier and contains stirrups attached on the front. The crossbowman will put a foot in the stirrup and employ his upper physique to pull back the bow. The next form, that is oftentimes known as an arbalest, is the heaviest of all and has built-in or separate windlasses. Windlasses are employed to withdraw the bowstring thus changing the necessity for applying excessive muscle strength.

Their utilization started to decline in the mid-15th century

Crossbows started to become outdated with the development of gunpowder weaponry. The decline of the crossbow started when the matchlock musket was created in the fifteenth century, coincidentally occurring at the end of the Middle Ages.

While there are no more battles that employ the crossbow, this weapon remains in modern times particularly in sports and outdoor recreations like hunting.

How To Choose Barnett Crossbows For Better Hunting?

Being a crossbow hunter, you must know how much it is important to choose the right bow. There are a plenty number of bows and its accessories for hunting on the market. However, when you are purchasing any of them you need to consider some factors. Buying a bow might be your personal choice but you should finalize one that is durable and easy to use. However, nothing can beat a Barnett crossbow in terms of quality, speed and price.

Finding a bow will not be a difficult task today with so many purchasing options. So try and check as many as crossbows possible. You need to find a bow that is adequately fit and feels good in your hands. In addition, the size of the bow should be according to your body type and match your shooting style. While purchasing you must consider these factors as these will affect your comfort and level of accuracy while shooting. Choose a bow carefully. It either can benefit you or can cause frustration while you are trying to shoot your aim time and again.

There are many brands of crossbows are available in the market. The most reliable and durable would be Excalibur crossbows. This kind of bows maintains high standards and made from quality materials.

There are several things to consider while buying a crossbow. Never do a mistake of choosing a bow without considering arrow velocity. While purchasing you should think of how easily you can cock the bow. Choosing a bow that has more draw weight can seriously hurt your back and shoulders.

Price is the next considerate factor when buying a bow. Many people want to save money on their first crossbow package that result with a product that you are not satisfied with. The cheap products are made with poor quality materials. They may not be good as a quality product. Crossbow Deals gives you most technically advanced Barnett crossbows which are perfect for hunting or shooting with better customer service and same day shipping in every product over $100. At Crossbow Deals, you find all Excalibur Crossbows, its accuracy is amazing and its reliability is bulletproof which is capable of producing arrow speeds in excess of 350 feet per second. you can easily shop all the hunting gear manufactured based on the latest technology such as parker crossbow, Barnett Crossbows, Excalibur Crossbow, and ten point Crossbows with same day shipping in every products

The other things to consider while purchasing a bow are draw weight, draw length, speed, noise level and brace height. Make sure, you choose a crossbow that has been made by a highly reputable company. Find a company that supplies quality products at affordable prices. You can expect a high level customer service and warranty on every product they supply. It would be a good idea to purchase crossbows that come with a guarantee. Normally the company supplies high quality bows offers lifetime warranty.

What Kind of Crossbows Are Right For Me?

I’m shopping for crossbows. How can I find the right one for me? This really depends upon what you are going to use the crossbows for. Are you going to use it for target practice, archery or hunting? The answer to that question will begin to lead you in the right direction to find the bow that is just right. When looking for crossbows bear in mind that you may need to be fitted with it, so take that into consideration when searching for one, either online or through a retail store. The needs are different when you are only target shooting as opposed to hunting or archery practice. That is why you need to know exactly what you need a crossbow for and why. I am looking for hunting crossbows Hunting crossbows can be registered with up to 125 lbs of pull weight, which can take down most of the animals on the planet. You also need to decide when choosing a hunting bow whether or not you want wood or steel, composite, a scope or red dot line sights, or even a cocking mechanism. Then you will need to decide upon bolts and heads for your crossbows. There are many choices available to you and you need to decide on a budget and stick with that for your hunting bow. That way, you don’t overspend, and it is very easy to do just that when purchasing a bow for hunting. How about Medieval reenactment crossbows? When looking at crossbows for a medieval reenactment, you need to strongly consider that they are for target shooting and demonstration. These beauties will have a range of around 100 yards. These crossbows are made out of wood with a metal bow and firing mechanism. Most period pieces will be as close to historical fact as possible. They will also be a bit on the heavy side. They come with hard baked steel bows and iron tipped steel bolts and made of fine wood such as ash and cherry for example. These are a wonderful piece to have when doing a medieval reenactment and will be a fine piece to add to your bow collection. I am using one for archery shooting Then your search for crossbows will be easier. Archery shooting is an excellent and disciplined sport, and your bow must be able to handle all that it is asked to do for you. When hunting for an archery bow, you need to take into consideration several facts. You will need to choose a bow that is light and long. You will need to take into consideration whether or not to use a compound bow or a regular one. You need also to take measurements in order to fit the bow to you. Other considerations of course also need to be taken into consideration such as cost, draw length and draw weight. These will help you to find the right archery bow for your situation. Published at: https://www.isnare.com/?aid=299129&ca=Sports

Crossbows – Did You Know They’re the New Way to Hunt??

Crossbows Here There And Everywhere So crossbows are popular? Yes crossbows are very popular, especially in hunting when one does not want to use a rifle and silence is of the essence. These bows can also be used for fishing as well. They have a wide variety of ranges and uses. In historical context, these were used as weapons of war a long time ago. Mention of this weapon has been dated back to the 5th century. Crossbows have also been used in the present day to hunt big game such as bear, lion, deer, bison and elk. In today’s world they are also used in the sport of archery. Are there different types of these crossbows? There are type of crossbows such as a sporting or hunting bow, a match bow, a target bow and medieval reenactment for starters. Each one has a different setup and range that is strictly their own. When looking at crossbows, you need to select one that is right for you depending upon what the bow is to be used for. There are different pull weights that go with each and every one. So you will have to find one that is compatible with you and whatever you will need the bow for. This also depends on if you need it for sport or for target. What is the different between these crossbows? There are several differences between these crossbows. The sporting bow is usually around 125 lbs in draw weight. That can be shot up to 50 meters. They can also be used in target practice. Match crossbows are heavy and used for competition shooting between 10 and 30 meters. Target bows are limited at 95 lbs draw weight and are used at archery clubs. These are just some of the differences in these bows. The above information should be useful in helping you to choose the right bow for you, no matter what the need or situation that you find yourself in. Are there different brand names for these bows? Yes, there are many different manufacturers that sell these crossbows. Some popular names are Alchem Incorporated, Ten Point, Horton, Saxon, Red Lion and Excalibur just to name a few of the many different manufacturers that create and sell these bows. Some of these names you may have heard of. You can also buy these bows from the manufacturers, or places like Cabela Sports, Bass Pro Shops or Eagle Archery just to name a few of the places both online and at a physical store that you can purchase. Most physical stores will also fit you with a bow, as it must be fitted to you and your needs. This is to ensure not only your comfort, but also your accuracy in shooting the bow. The bolts can also be fitted with different types of heads matching the situation in which the bow is to be used. The heads vary with the task at hand, and can be interchangeable for any given task that you come up against. Published at: https://www.isnare.com/?aid=299128&ca=Sports

Why Do I Need A Bow Sight On Crossbows?

Why would I need bow sights on a crossbow for? Bow sights are needed to help you aim your arrow. Without this sight, you could be aiming blind and not hitting what you want to hit with your arrows. It is suggested that you have bow sights on your crossbow to help your aim and to help you to sight the exact distance that you would be away from either a target or an animal on the hunt. When hunting you don’t get second chances very often, so a sight is the best thing for your bow. When aiming by eye only, your eyes can get fooled and you can miss a shot that could be vital to bringing down dinner or stopping trouble. So bow sights are a focusing agent? Yes, bow sights are a focusing agent. It is mainly there to help you to focus on the target and have a steady aim. As stated before, not having bow sights just compounds the problem of steady aim. These aids do not cost that much and they are not even that heavy. There really is no reason why you should not have one of these on your crossbow. They serve the same purpose as a sight does on a gun. That is to steady your aim. Nothing more, nothing less is what a sight’s purpose truly is. These are worth their weight in gold when trying to bring down that game, or drive it off. How heavy are these bow sights? Some of the more heavy duty bow sights are no more than a pound. The majority of these bow sights are less than 8 ounces. The weight addition to a bow is really insignificant. So if you are worried about weighing your bow down, you don’t need to worry. These are lightweight sights that can mount on the side of your bow to give you maximum viewing power. These also help you to focus your sight on either the target that you want to hit, or the prey that you want to bring down. Either way, this is a helpful tool for improving your aim or seeing the results of that improved sight. This is indeed one useful tool for your bow or compound bow. Sounds like I really missed the boat about bow sights! I am afraid you did, my friend! These sights are an aid to sight and really nothing to be afraid of. I can understand why you wouldn’t want to use one of these things, but in the long run, you will be better off by using one on your crossbow or compound bow. It does help you find the range much easier. You can do it without using a sight on your bow, but why would you want to do that! Make it easy on yourself. Purchase a sight for that bow and get out and hunt with the big dogs. See what you bring home as a reward. Published at: https://www.isnare.com/?aid=298678&ca=Sports

Horton Crossbows Are the Best Around!

I hear that the Horton line is the best line of crossbows around! You have heard correctly! The Horton lines of crossbows are the best around. Let’s look at the Horton Team Realtree for starters. The Horton Realtree comes with a Talon light weight trigger, Tough Boy arms in camouflage colors, a precision metal sight and Dial A Range Trajectory computer. These are just a few of the elements that are included in the Realtree line of crossbows. These bows are tough and can take whatever you dish out in whatever weather that you are in. It also comes with SpeedMax cable system and a machined metal stirrup. This is one tough hombre and can be used with deadly accuracy in all sorts of hunting. I like the Hunter HD 150 crossbows. Can you tell me more about them? I sure can! These Hunter HD 150 Crossbows have a draw weight of 150 pounds and weighs a little over 7 ½ pounds. It has a velocity of over 280 feet per second and a power stroke of 12 inches. This is one sweet baby to use. She comes with a Mult A Range scope, an arrow quiver, and three arrows. These crossbows mean business. She is one powerful little package. You can find this package at http://EagleArchery.com and other fine stores in your locality or even stores such as Bass Pro Shops. This is one mean, lean hunting machine that is at home in your truck or home. Let’s talk about the exciting, weatherproof Legacy 225 series of crossbows! Horton’s Legacy 225 Crossbows are an improvement on the original series of bows named in the Legacy line. The 225 is weatherproof, which is ideal for all you hunting fans out there. These crossbows package comes with a weatherproof Perfect Fit stock, a Talon Ultra Light trigger, Dial A Range Trajectory, Machined Aluminum Stirrup and Precision Metal Sight. All this in a waterproof package that really shouts out “Own me Please!” This wonderful bow is done up all in camouflage, so that it cannot be seen, no matter what the weather. This is one silent, but deadly little deal and an animal will never know what hit them. Published at: https://www.isnare.com/?aid=299132&ca=Sports